By Month - Jan
Deepseawaters Calendar - March
pupping season. Peak of the northern gray whale migration.
Cow-calf pairs can be seen near shore through July, Gulf of
the Farallones and Monterey Bay National Marine Sanctuaries.
whales migration begins, running through May. Northern fur
seals migrate along continental shelf break returning to Alaska.
Bald eagle nesting and egg laying begin through early April.
Sea otter pupping through early spring. Olympic Coast Sanctuary,
harbor seal (Phoca vitulina) pupping season on San
Miguel Island, Channel Islands Sanctuary (February through
hammerhead and spotted eagle ray schools peak during
this month in the Flower Garden Banks Sanctuary.
Late February to early March
North Atlantic right whale females, their calves
and juveniles begin their northward migration.
Returning migratory shorebirds
visit Georgia's coastal and offshore waters including Gray's
Reef Sanctuary to feed on the plentiful bait fish building
up their energy reserves to continue their journey northward
to their nesting grounds.
Upwelling season begins with
persistent northwest winds pushing surface waters offshore
and drawing in, cold, deep, nutrient rich waters to Cordell
Bank Marine Sanctuary.
Nearly on quarter-million
seabirds nesting on the nearby Farallon Islands forage in
the Gulf of the Farallones and Cordell Bank National Marine
Sanctuaries, March through mid-August.
During early spring, island
wildflowers such as the Giant Coreopsis (Coreopsis
gigantea) are in full bloom (March through early April) on
the Channel Islands Sanctuary.
Gray whales (Eschrichtius
robustus) migrate north through Channel Islands,
Monterey Bay, Gulf of the Farallones and Cordell Bank National
Marine Sanctuaries from calving grounds in Baja California,
Mexico to Alaskan feeding grounds (Mid-February through May).
Peak egg-laying season for
California Brown Pelicans (Pelecanus occidentalis
californicus) on Anacapa and Santa Barbara Islands (March
Geese (Branta bernicla) stop to rest and feed in
the Channel Islands region on their annual migration between
Mexico and Alaska (March through May). Western Gulls (Larus
occidentalis) begin nesting on the Channel Islands. Xantus's
Murrelets (Synthiboramphus hypoleucus) breed and nest on the
Channel Islands (March through July).
spawning season for Grunion (Leuresthes tenuis)
on southern California beaches. Grunion leave the water at
night to spawn on the beach in the spring and summer months
two to six nights after the full and new moons. Spawning begins
after high tide and continues for several hours (late March
through early June).
Fox (Urocyon littoralis) pups are born in early spring
on the Channel Islands (March and April).